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WBCSD/CSI Progress Review
DESCRIPTION 2006 2007 2008
Climate Change Management
Facilities using the WBCSD CO2
Protocol Guidelines for emissions
inventory, %
100 100 100
Total Direct CO2 emissions(1)(gross),
metric tonnes(2)
10 million 10 million 10,2 million
Total Direct CO2 emissions(1) (net),
metric tonnes(2)
10 million 10 million 10,2 million
Direct CO2 emissions(1) (gross) kg/metric
tonne of product
690,4 689,8 685,5
Direct CO2emissions(1) (net) kg/metric
tonne of product
690,4 689,8 685,5
Use the tools set out in the CO2 Protocol
to define and make public the baseline emissions
yes yes yes
Develop a climate change mitigation strategy
and publish targets and progress by 2006

CO2 abatement strategy:

1. Investing in fuel efficiency
2. Reducing clinker to cement ratio
3. Reduce electricity consumption

CO2 abatement strategy:

1. Investing in fuel efficiency
2. Reducing clinker to cement ratio
3. Reduce electricity consumption

CO2 abatement strategy:

1. Investing in fuel efficiency
2. Reducing clinker to cement ratio
3. Reduce electricity consumption

Report annually on CO2 emissions in line
with the protocol
yes yes yes
Fuels and materials use
Energy efficiency, MJ/t clinker 3.501 3.582 3.567
Alternative fuel substitution for conventional
fuels (heat basis), %
0,98 1,37 1,07
Biomass in kiln fuel, % 0,6 0,6 0,4
Alternative materials (clinker & cement), % 7,3 7,1 6,8
Clinker to cement factor, % 80,8 80 80,2
Apply the guidelines developed for fuel
and raw material use
yes yes yes
Emissions monitoring and reporting
Total dust, particulates, metric tonnes 934 928 1,268
Dust, particulates, g/tonne of clinker 86 85 109
Total NOx, metric tonnes 20.535 19.106 20.979
NOx, g/tonne of clinker 2.016 1.752 1.799
Total SOx, metric tonnes 3.068 3.263 3.356
SOx, g/tonne of clinker 301 299 288
Clinker produced with monitoring
of major and minor emissions, %
100 100 100
Apply the protocol for measurement,
monitoring and reporting of emissions
yes yes yes
Make emissions data publicly available
and accessible to stakeholders
yes yes yes
Set emissions targets on relevant materials
and report publicly on progress
yes yes yes
Health & Safety
Employee fatalities 0 0 0
Employee fatality rate 0 0 0
Contractor fatalities 2 1 3
Third-party fatalities 0 0 1
Employee lost time injuries 28 20 22
Employee lost time injuries
Frequency Rate
4,75 3,67 3,26
Employee lost working days 1.275 919 718
Employee lost time injuries
Severity Rate
324 168 106
Contractor lost time injuries 21 7 8
Local impacts
Active sites where biodiversity
issues are addressed
number 3 3 3
% 10,3 10,3 9,4

Sites with community engagement plans, %

- all all
Active sites with quarry
rehabilitation plans, %
number 15 15 15
% 75 79 79
Apply the ESIA Guidelines and develop
tools to integrate them into decision
making processes
yes yes yes
Draw up rehabilitation plans for operating
quarries and plant sites and communicate them to local stakeholders
yes yes yes

(1) CO2 emissions do not include emissions related to vehicle and mobile equipment
(2)Total emissions for the period 1990-2007 were recalculated in 2008, according to WBCSD/CSI, to reflect a new partnership (Turkey) and changes in equity held by TITAN Group (Egypt).