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Climate change is the most important environmental challenge of our time. The nature of the cement industry is such that it produces and emits carbon dioxide (CO2), thus contributing to the greenhouse effect and climate change.

The cement industry produces about 5% of global, man-made CO2; half of this comes from the chemical process of clinker production and 40% from burning fuel. The remaining 10% is split between electricity use and transportation (www.wbcsdcement.org). Nevertheless, concrete reabsorbs a great deal if not most of the CO2 emitted by calcination during the time it serves its useful life. (For further information refer also to Nordic Innovation Center, www.nordicinnovation.net).

Addressing the challenge of climate change is a top priority for the TITAN Group. We have chosen to take early action in 2003 and in the context of our participation in the WBCSD/CSI we voluntarily committed to curbing our CO2 specific emissions by 15% by 2010 compared to 1990 levels.

In 2008 we had almost achieved the target we had set in 2006 with a 14.8% reduction of CO2 specific emissions per tonne of product. Moreover, progress was recorded in new targets incorporated in the TITAN Group CSR Roadmap (2007)  and particularly on the following:

  • Adoption and dissemination of a Group Climate Mitigation Strategy.
  • Setting-up of new targets in relation to the use of alternative fuels and alternative raw materials.

Managing and monitoring performance

The TITAN Group Climate Mitigation Strategy  is a valuable management tool towards setting direction, aligning and focussing our efforts to curb CO2 emissions.

Further improvement of our performance with respect to climate change can be achieved through: 

  • optimization of products and processes
  • use of alternative fuels and raw materials

We have managed to almost meet our target of 15% less specific CO2 emissions for 2010 vs 1990 levels, two years ahead of time, mainly by optimizing our processes and products.

In 2008 special emphasis was given to new areas for improvement of energy efficiency through the use of alternative fuels and new product development.

2008 was a year of considerable growth for the TITAN Group. New facilities were added to the existing ones, through acquisitions and partnerships. In addition, the Group equity in existing facilities also changed drastically.

As a result, the volume of our production increased causing a proportional increase not only in the raw materials and energy consumed but also in our emissions. This is reflected in the reported absolute figures.

For a better understanding of our efforts, the tables presenting our performance cover the total Group CO2 emissions based on the equity held by TITAN in 2008, yet specific CO2 emissions (kg/t of product) are based on the equity held by TITAN in 2006, the year the target was set, for comparison reasons.

Greenhouse Gas Assessment

TITAN America has been engaged in the ENERGY STAR Program (U.S.A.) which aims at reducing the energy use through systematic monitoring and assessment of processes, equipment and practices. Fossil fuel replacements are being studied and tested for use in kilns.

TITAN America has expanded its energy efficiency measuring and monitoring program in all functions, including ready-mix, terminals and separation technologies. The program is based on thorough analysis of emissions evolving from different processes and facilitates categorization by unit and state, determination of impacts and opportunities for each case.

TITAN America already follows international and EPA voluntary standards in reporting its performance and is ready to respond proactively to potential changes in relevant regulations for other kinds of obligations.